MNEMOSYNE 1                         Montpellier la médicale                  

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The living being is especially a crossing point,
and the essence of life holds
in the movement which transmits it.

Henri Bergson - Creative Evolution - 1907

 

The history of the School of Medicine remains
graven on streets and places of Montpellier.

During the European Enlightenment, this school
is the place of growth of a new vision of man,
leaded by two figures out of the commun :

Paul Joseph Barthez (1734-1806), theologist,
physicist, doctor and philosopher, founder of
the vital principle.

Jacques Lordat (1773-1870), his successor,
passionately fond of arts,
music and Leibniz.

Both of them always quoted Francis Bacon
and Scottish Philosophy.




It is a great number of facts relating to Natural History of Man and Animals,
which were not observed by Authors who wrote on this Science ; and that one finds indicated by great Poets, or in the Language of certain People, which their way of life, and the nature of places in which they live, presented only a small number of objects..... By giving to the Public the results of my long work, I will satisfy this creditable feeling, which Sénèque expressed, when he said that he was pleased to learn to be able to teach ; and that he rejected even Science of Philosophy, if one gave it to him on the condition that he keeps it, and not spreads it."

Paul Joseph Barthez
Nouvelle méchanique des mouvements de l'homme et des animaux. 1798

Paul Joseph Barthez is the first to consider man in his singularity and his complexity.
He conceives the living being in terms of " interactions he maintains with the ambiant milieu in which he moves himself ", leading to the definition of an autonomous science.



What one means in Medicine by Biography.
The biography is one of the great parts of Natural History of Man. It aims to the historical description of all the changes which follow one another in the duration of the alive man, from the moment of his formation to after his death. This succession of appreciable phenomena is what one names life in the most concrete sense.

Jacques Lordat
Essay on medical icononology or on relations of utility existing between the art
of drawing and the study of medicine. 1833

Jacques Lordat above all is interested in "a function which does not have its power and its origin in the intellect but which is the creative function of nations, cities, laws and libraries".




The monument of Montpellier:
New elements for the science of man
a philosophy of life, grounded by Paul-Joseph Barthez,
who always was involved in bridging the gap
between the various forms of human invention.




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